What is the Difference Between Secured & Unsecured Loans?

. 5 min read
What is the Difference Between Secured & Unsecured Loans?

A loan is a form of debt incurred by an individual or by another entity. There are two main types of loans, out of which one is secured loans, and the second one is unsecured loans. The most important is to distinguish between these two is the most important factor in attaining literacy in the field of finance, which can have a great impact on your financial health. Generally, the most distinct difference in both of these is that for a secured loan, the borrower needs to have an indemnity. In contrast, an unsecured loan does not need to offer any of this collateral. Due to this variance, the borrowing limit, repayment terms, and interest rate are also affected.

Every field has its pros and cons. Similarly, if you choose either a secured loan or an unsecured loan, they have their respective pros and cons and even advantages and disadvantages for that matter. Here is the complete distinction between secured loans and unsecured loans in the following article.

Secured Loan

Secured loans are never given without any protection to the borrowers. An asset always protects them. The property, or the items, that solely belong to the borrower - which may include a car or a home that can be kept as mortgaged - can be used as collateral. The person or the entity that works as a lender in the process of a sanctioning loan holds the complete title until the borrower completely repays it. Other things can also be used to fund a loan - like private property, shares or stocks, and even bonds.

Most people use the secured loan for borrowing large amounts of money either from a bank or from some entity. A moneylender will only give a loan of a large amount only based on a promise or a bond signed that it will be paid back. Keeping your home mortgaged is just a course of action to make sure that you will try your level best to repay the loan. Secured loans can also be mortgage debt loans or home mortgage financing lines. Both are supported by the current market value of your home versus the cost you still owe. These loans will use your property as security. The lender of the loans uses your home as security or as collateral.

So overall, a secured loan is a loan in which you are assuring the lender with some sort of security that you will be going to repay it. If in any circumstance you are unable to repay the loan, the risk cuts off to zero because the lender can then anytime sell your property or the collateral to pay off the debt.

Similarly, like all other things, even secured loans have their advantages and disadvantages.

Likewise, lower rates, protracted repayment conditions are also beneficial because it has a higher borrowing limit. These are some of the advantages of secured loans. Whereas, if we have a glance at its vices then, the private property that we have kept as security or as collateral, it is at risk. Because, in any state of affairs if you are unable to repay it in time, then the lender has complete right to seize your property. Secured loans can be only used to buy certain assets like a home or car.

Instances of Secured Loans

There are different kinds of secured loans. Some of these are as follows:


The loan which deals with a home as collateral between the financial institution and the borrower is called a mortgage. In this loan, the home being collateral can be directly sold by the lender if there is any default in monthly payments by the respective borrower. In short, it is a kind of recouping the money.

Second mortgage

Home equity line of credit (HELOC) which is also known as the second mortgage, is a kind of loan in which you are allowed to lease the currency, keeping your HELOC as security.

Vehicle loan

To purchase a motor vehicle, one can take a vehicle loan. Auto loans are structured as instalment loans.

Boat loan

Being similar to the auto loan concept, this loan is generally used to buy a boat. It consists of a monthly expense system with added interest which is stipulated by various factors.

Active vehicle loan

Financing an RV(recreational vehicle) is similar to financing a car or home. Bank or a credit union working through an RV dealership lends the loan considering the RV itself as collateral.

Unsecured Loan

The loans which have zero security are known as Unsecured loans. These loans are exactly the opposite of secured loans, or you can also say that unsecured loans are the converse statement of secured loans. These types of loans consist of several things like personal loans which are also called signature loans, credit cards, and even student loans. In an unsecured loan, the entities/lenders are at more risk, as the borrowers don’t keep an asset for recovery in case of any negligence. This is the only rationale due to which the interest rates are always at the higher side in unsecured loans. For something to be used as a medium something valuable should be necessarily available to you or something that is after your name, so even if you need an unsecured credit, you anyhow can get secured loans.

The one who lends an un-guaranteed loan or an unsecured lender has a belief in you that you will be able to repay the loan on time by analysing your financial condition. The lender will judge based on the 5 C’s of value or credit.

  1. The first one is the Character which comprises references; it also includes employment history and even the credit score.
  2. Secondly, the lender will observe your Capacity, i.e., your total income and will also have an eye on your current debt.
  3. The third C is the Capital, where the lender has an interest in your investment accounts and will also look for the money in savings.
  4. In Collateral, the lender will see towards your personal or private assets that you may offer them (if needed), it may include a home or even a car.
  5. In Conditions, the lender and the borrower will shake hands on the terms and conditions of the loan, which are then expected to be followed by the borrower. These five C’s vary for different loans, i.e., these five C’s are totally for business loans vs personal loans.

These gauging poles are utilised to survey a borrower’s capacity to repay the commitment and can integrate the borrower’s situation almost as broad monetary components.

Instances of Unsecured or Unguaranteed Loans

Some common examples of unsecured loans are as follows:

Credit cards

In general, there are several kinds of credit cards, but all of these come with a common policy of paying the complete balance once a month. If it is not done, the company applies the additional interest charge to the card owner.

Personal loans

As it says, this type of loan can be utilised for any purpose. The loan amount can fluctuate from a few hundred to tens and even to thousands of bucks.

Personal lines of credits

This type of loan is similar to the credit card loan system. One can use the money anywhere and anytime on anything but up to the approved limit. Also, this kind of loan system applies the interest only on the amount spent.

Students loan

This category of loan system is designed only for students to pay for college fees, such as tuition, books, etc. Although it is an unsecured loan, tax returns can be garnished to pay the unpaid amount of the loan.

Also read:

What is a Personal Loan? A Complete Guide.
What is Education Loan? History and more.
What is Business Loan? A Complete Guide.
Are small business loans secured or unsecured?