How to Start a Brick Business [Cost, Profit Margin]

. 8 min read
How to Start a Brick Business [Cost, Profit Margin]

Are you planning to start a brick business in India? Well, you're on the correct page, we have explained the entire brick business plan in detail. The construction industry is said to be the backbone of the prospering Indian economy. We tend to believe that the real estate sector plays a vital role in the development of the financial system and the country as a whole. Brick is considered the primary building material used in different construction types, whether residential or commercial.

India is the 2nd largest brick manufacturing country in the world after China. It is considered that the demand for brick is always going to increase. When a country is developing, it focuses on urbanisation and the expansion of infrastructural facilities. The population is growing, and there is a rise in the per capita income of an individual resulting in the economic growth of a country. All these factors lead to a continuous demand for brick as a raw material used in construction activities. So, many people are convinced that opening a brick factory is a good business option. This article will focus on how to open a brick factory in seven easy steps.

Advantages of Opening a Brick Factory

It is essential to know the various benefits of opening a brick factory before focusing on the same steps.

The major advantages of opening a brick factory are enumerated as below:

  • Low capital investments.
  • Escalating demand for bricks.
  • Cost-effective in terms of business structure.
  • Exemplary small business idea.
  • The process for making bricks is simple and easy to understand.
  • Competition at the local and regional level only.
  • Low labor requirements.
  • Reduced wastage of raw materials.
  • Presence of a handful of organised players in the market.
  • Recycling the materials and by-products is feasible.

How Are Bricks Made?

Once we are well acquainted with the process of how the bricks are made, drafting a blueprint of requirements for opening a brick factory becomes trouble-free.

The simple process of how bricks are made is described as under:

1. Collection

The various materials required for making bricks are gathered first. It includes a collection of soil, lime, clay, silica, etc.

2. Preparation and tempering of the mixture

Once we have all the required materials, then they should be added in a specified proportion.

3. Mixing

All the materials are then mixed well.

4. Molding

The mixture then needs to be molded. There are two methods commonly used for molding. One is using hands, and the other is the use of machinery.

5. Drying

After the mixture is placed in molds, it is dried for a couple of days. The drying usually takes 3-10 days. Drying can be done naturally or artificially.

6. Burning

Bricks are burnt to provide strength and durability. Burning takes place either with the help of a clamp or a kiln.

7. Packaging

Once the bricks are ready for use after cooling them down, they are packed in a way that makes them easy to carry and transport.

Steps to Open a Brick Factory

There are different aspects and areas to be considered while opening a brick factory. The different stages and the procedure as to how to open a brick factory are explained as follows:

1. Business Plan

The first and foremost step is creating a business plan. Once you are sure that you want to open a brick factory, the idea needs to be executed. While framing a business plan, the strategy should be decided. The financial, marketing, human resources, operational strategies should be distinct and definite. The business organisation's objectives should be defined in advance, and the necessary steps should be taken to achieve them. You have to set milestones for your business and prepare a plan of action to reach them. Once your plan is ready, you can proceed towards the next step.

2. Location

After your business plan is ready, the next important step is deciding your factory's location. There are several considerations to be made before you decide the location. Those considerations include the climatic conditions and the temperature of the geographic location. Proper warehouse facilities should be available along with the factory space to store the bricks. The transport facilities should be within reach and approachable. There is a need for local labourers as the place should be accessible easily. Other basic amenities must be constructed at the decided location. After considering all these aspects, a location must be selected out of all probable locations for your factory.

3. Availability of raw material

Once you decide your factory's location, the raw material arrangements should be done. They should be supplied from your nearest location to save the transportation cost and assure timely delivery of raw materials. The various raw materials used in the manufacturing of bricks are cement, stones, sand, stone dust, water, silica, lime, soil, etc. These materials should be easily available and affordable. Keep adequate stock of raw materials in hand.

4. Manufacturing equipment

After you make sure that raw materials will be made available when needed, you need to decide what equipment would be required to produce bricks. The method or equipment you undertake for production purposes helps us decide the raw materials needed and where they need to be transported at Your location. So, the first step is to list down the necessary equipment. Check up on the various models available for particular machinery and the variety of the same. Categorise your machinery according to the functions they are going to perform. Various manufacturers and suppliers need to be analysed. The machinery to be used should be economical and durable.

5. Costing

After deciding whether to adopt semi-automatic or fully automatic machinery, the costing needs to be analysed. If you want the machinery cost to be economical, you may go for second-hand buying. Compare the prices of different machinery, raw materials, etc. The output that you are expecting to produce needs to be examined. Consider the other costs associated with starting a factory, such as labor costs, material costs, electricity bills, water, other bills, etc. The cost-effectiveness of your model should be scrutinised.

6. Competition analysis

The brick industry faces competition at the regional and local level only. So, you should analyse your competitors and the price they offer. To compete in the industry, you should focus on network building. Try to make new connections in the field of construction. They will help you expand your business and ensure regular orders. Try to connect with the contractors, builders, architects, etc., of your locality and area and maintain good relations with them. Offer quality services to your customers.

7. License and permits

Once you are ready with every facet of your brick factory, apply for necessary licenses and permits. There are several laws about environmental pollution, kiln, etc., which need to be adhered to. You also need to register the clay brick. The location should be decided as per norms laid down by the government. Once you get the necessary approval and permissions, you can establish and start your brick factory.


Thus, we can conclude that commencing a brick factory is economising, and the demand is going to rise exponentially. Though a lot of research is involved before setting up a brick factory, it is easier to run IT once you know every detail of the brick business.

Also Read:
1) Biodiesel Manufacturers In India
2) Valves Manufacturers In India
3) Battery Manufacturers In India
4) Toy Manufacturers In India
5) Solar Panel Manufacturers In India
6) AAC Blocks Manufacturers in India

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Q. How many types of bricks does India produce?

Ans: India produces majorly four types of bricks. They include; clay blocks, fly ash blocks, concrete blocks, and AAC.

Q. What are the skills necessary for the labourers of a brick factory?

Ans: The skills include building blocks, laying blocks, quality control, assurance, process inspection, repairs and maintenance of machinery, etc.

Q. What are hollow bricks?

Ans: Hollow bricks are bricks made from cement. Thus, cement brick means hollow bricks.

Q. What machines are required for a semi-automatic brick plant?

Ans: The machines used for a semi-automatic brick plant are brick clay mixing machine, molding machine, clay machine, mixer, water pump, curing beds, concrete block making machine which may be operated hydraulically, weighing scale, molds, kiln, clamp, etc.

Q. What is the standard size of a brick?

Ans: The standard size of a brick in India is 190mm*90mm*90mm.

Q. Which are the major brick producing states in India?

Ans: The major brick producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana.

Q. What is the temperature required for heating a brick?

Ans: The brick needs to be burnt and heated at a temperature of 650-degree Celsius.

Q. How many bricks can be manufactured per day using a hollow brick machine?

Ans: Approximately 3000-4000 bricks can be manufactured using a hollow brick machine in a single day. It depends upon the type of machinery used.

Q. What eco-friendly substitutes are available for blocks?

Ans: Due to the increasing pollution and environmental concerns, the need for eco-friendly substitutes for standard blocks arises. Many countries use Hydrofarm blocks as a substitute for the same.

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