Textile industries have been the backbone of the Indian economy for at least more than a century. Currently, it is the second-largest employer in India. History suggests that the Harappan civilisation knew about spinning and weaving. Vedic literature also mentions clothing. But as far as mass manufacturing is concerned, the industrial revolution and modern history made it possible.
Cloth Manufacturing in India- an overview:
In India, there have always been large raw materials available for this industry. India has extensive cultivation of jute, silk, cotton and wool, which contribute to manufacturing a variety of brilliant quality fabric. However, we have not been as successful as the USA and others regarding value addition, designing and marketing.
Cloth manufacturing basically goes through following six stages:
- Cultivation and harvesting
- Preparatory process
- Weaving or knitting
Let's have a look at the top clothing manufacturers of India:
1. Vardhman Textiles Limited
It is an integrated textile industry headquartered in India. It has been a leading producer of cotton yarn, synthetic yarn, woven fabric, sewing thread, acrylic fibre, tow, and garments.
- The manufacturing units, installed in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, cater to a wide market range worldwide, including the European Union, the United States and others.
- It's the second-largest producer of sewing threads in India.
- The company provides a range of specialised greige and dyed yarns in cotton, polyester, acrylic and a range of blends.
- It also produces organic cotton, melange, core-spun yarns, ultra yarns (contamination controlled), gassed mercerised, super fine yarns, slub and cellulose yarns and fancy yarns for hand knitting.
2. Raymond Group
Incorporated around a century ago, it has been manufacturing, designing and retailing clothing wear.
- Besides manufacturing fibre to fabric, Raymond is a textile powerhouse with state of the art, modern infrastructure.
- It offers a wide range of shirting and suiting fabrics across various options such as worsted fabrics, cotton, wool blends, linen and denim.
- It has over 1500 stores spread across 600 towns and an expansive network of over 20,000 points in India.
- It has also been a leading producer and supplier of high-quality ring denim.
- Apart from Raymond, it has significant subsidiaries like Park Avenue, Park Avenue Women, Parx, Ethnix etc.
- Being one of the famous names among apparels' businesses, it has represented Trust, Quality and Excellence.
3. Arvind Limited
Formerly known as Arvind Mills, it was founded by Kasturbhai Lalbhai. Strongly rooted in the events of India's freedom struggle, it has evolved to become a manifestation of hopes and aspirations.
- It manufactures cotton shirting, denim, knits and bottom weight (khaki) fabrics.
- It is the largest denim manufacturer in India.
- Owner of popular brands like Flying Machine, Newport and Excalibur, this company runs three clothing and accessories retail chains named the Arvind Store, Unlimited and Megamart.
- It also retails licensed international brands like Arrow, Tommy Hilfiger, and Calvin Klein throughout the country.
4. Welspun India Limited
The company started as Welspun Winilon Mills as a small texturising unit in the wake of globalisation in India. It has now become the biggest exporter of home textiles in India in three decades.
- In the production of terry towels, it stands at number one in Asia and second in the world.
- It offers differentiated products in bed, bath and floor.
- It claims to be a beacon bearer of environment-friendly industrial activities amongst big textile players.
- It supplies seventeen out of the top thirty retailing points in the world.
5. Sutlej Textiles and Industries Limited
It was set up by Dr Krishna Kumar Birla as a composite textile mill at Okara, Punjab. Later on, it grew up and emerged to be one of the finest textile industries of India.
- The largest producer and a leading exporter of value-added synthetic and blended dyed spun yarn in India. It is the largest melange yarn producer in India.
- It has over ten million meters of production capacity.
- With sustainable industrial procedures, it has become a promoter of green fibre.
- With a subsidiary like American Silk Mills, LLC, it has also become an effective global player.
6. Loyal Group
Started by Karumuttu Thiagarajan Chettiar, a south Indian visionary industrialist, its initial credential was a spinning and weaving mill that used second-hand machines and laid-off workers.
- Loyal Group comprises four spinning mills, two weaving units, one knitting unit, one dyeing house, seven garment manufacturing units, one trading cum retailing company and a joint venture trading company in Italy.
- It exports its products to countries in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and Europe
- Being in the top clothing manufacturers, it has an uncompromising obsession for quality.
- Major subsidiaries are Loyal IRV Textile, Loyal International Sourcing Private Limited and Shri Chintamani Textile Mills Ltd.
7. Mandhana Industries
Headquartered in Mumbai, it has different manufacturing units installed in various places such as Tarapur, Bengaluru and Baramati.
- It's a vertically integrated fabric and garment company with a global footprint across multiple fashion brands.
- With cutting edge designs, statistical quality control techniques, superior technology and marketing capabilities, it has become a forerunner in the modern textile revolution.
- This company has the ability in dealing with yarn dyeing, printing, processing, designing and garment manufacturing.
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8. Bombay Rayon Fashions Limited
Mr JD Agarwal founded BRFL, which is now a multi-fibre manufacturing company.
- It is the largest shirt manufacturing company in India.
- It produces different kinds of fabrics, including cotton, polyester, Tencel, modal, lycra, wool and various blends.
- Yarn-dyed fabric, printing techniques, finishing, processing, weaving and stitching make it a whole package of textile engineering.
- With manufacturing facilities of 100 million meters per annum, garment manufacturing facilities of 60 million pieces per annum, being expanded to 90 million pieces per annum, it has made its presence felt in the global market.
9. Nahar Group of Companies
Started as a small woollen worsted spinner and hosiery manufacturer, it has become a prominent textile giant in Northern India. This group now represents Oswal Woollen Mills Ltd, Nahar Spinning Mills Ltd, Monte Carlo Fashions Limited, Cotton County Retail Limited and others.
Currently, this group is responsible for the production of the following materials:
- Woollen products like pullovers, cardigans, shirts, coats, baby suits, mufflers, shawls, blankets, knitting wool
- Cotton/blended/knitted hosiery, pullovers, t-shirts, baby suites, ladies tops, winter thermals, tracksuits, jackets, hoodies
- Yarn of all types like woollen, woollen blended, cotton, polyester-cotton, other blended, compact yarn, mercerised gassed yarn, organic cotton yarn
- Woven fabric for shirts, trousers and denim.
10. Rupa & Company Limited
It is one of the largest knitwear companies in India. The Agarwala brothers established it as Binod Hosiery. It has a lot of brands like Frontline, Softline, Softline Leggings, Euro, Bumchums, Torrido, Thermocot, Macroman, Frontline, Jon under its family umbrella. The Rupa Family caters to several products such as
- Men's Wear: Vests, briefs, drawers, Bermudas, capris, T-shirts, loungewear, boxer shorts and sleep-wear.
- Women's Wear: Bras, panties, camisoles and leggings.
- Kids’ Wear: Baba Suits, bloomers and slips for infants/toddlers, lounge-wear, Bermudas and T-Shirts.
- Winter Wear: Several thermal clothes for both men and women.
Clothing and Us:
With the evolution of humankind, human needs have changed accordingly. There was a time when we needed clothes badly to get rid of summer, winter, rain and storms. In the mediaeval times, it became an essential item for dignity for some and luxury for an infinitesimal percentage of people. Now, it has become more concentrated in comfort, design, style and fashion. But no matter the period or civilisation, clothes have always represented personality, culture and tradition. And, clothing manufacturers have always tried their level best to meet the needs and demands of the people in India.
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FAQs on Cloth manufacturers
Q. What does it take to become a top clothing manufacturer in India?
Ans. These things you should take to become a top clothing manufacturer in India are:
- Amongst other things, adopting new technologies makes the industry's operation productive.
- The adaptability to embrace new ideas determines the growth and development of the manufacture.
- Keeping track of the changing needs of the public is the most important factor that defines the company’s sustainability.
Q. What are the challenges of the clothing manufacturers in India?
Ans. The challenges of the clothing manufacturers in India are:
- Shortage of good quality raw materials.
- High-cost input
- Environmental issues
- Decline in export
- Inadequate infrastructure
Q. What is the importance of clothing manufacturers in India?
Ans. India has been cultivating a good amount of jute, silk, wool and cotton. The manufacturers are responsible for adding value to these Agro products and making them profitable. They are essential in maintaining the tradition, culture and ethnicity of India.
Q. What have been the contributions of the clothing manufacturers to India?
Ans. They have provided livelihood to a significant chunk of the population to date. Gujrat, Maharashtra and West Bengal, in particular, have become employment hubs for low-class workers.
The clothing manufacturers in India have contributed 2% to GDP, 12% to exports' earnings and 5% to the global textile trade.
Q. What does the future hold for the clothing manufacturers of India?
Ans. The government now supports and promotes every indigenous product. It means that veterans can look for expansion, and the newbies can start small cloth manufacturing ventures.
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