Aluminium is light, durable, a great conductor, and can form alloys with almost all other metals. This non-ferrous and highly versatile metal is used in industries like transportation, packaging, aerospace, architecture, and the electrical sector. Aluminium is an almost omnipresent metal found in our houses, vehicles, computers and other appliances, shelves, and interior design.
As such, aluminium is the second-largest metallurgical industry in India. The success of this business has mainly depended upon how aluminium is shaped to form different products for various applications. This process of shaping aluminium into multiple products is called aluminium fabrication. This article details the top aluminium manufacturers in India and how they meet the requirements of the engineering, electronics, electrical, and automobile sectors, etc.
1. Hindustan Aluminium Company (HINDALCO)
Hindustan Aluminium Company (HINDALCO) is one of the largest aluminium manufacturers in India and owns 39% of the market share of India’s aluminium industry. It is equipped with modern technology and has a talented team of engineers focused on manufacturing quality products. The superior technology reduces costs and provides superior and customised products, increasing its sales.
These products have various applications in different industries, ranging from automobiles to packaging and pharmaceuticals. They are used in consumer goods like pressure cookers, non-stick cookware, air conditioners, fans, water purifiers, etc.
Location: Hindalco Industries Limited, Birla Centurion, 7th floor, Pandurang Budhkar Road, Worli, Mumbai - 400030
- Ingots or redraw rods (wire rods)
- Flat-rolled products like:
- Pattern sheets
- Hot-rolled plates
- Cold-rolled sheets
- Building sheets
2. National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO)
National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO is among the leading aluminium manufacturers in India. It was the first to produce alloys rods to be used as conductors for the power transmission industry. It is a government company with diversified and integrated operations in metals, power, and mining. It is owned by the Ministry of Mines under the Indian government, which owns 51.5% of NALCO.
Additionally, it is one of the country's largest bauxite-alumina-aluminium-power complexes, with alumina refining, aluminium smelting, bauxite mining, power production, rail, etc. According to a Wood McKenzie assessment, NALCO is the world's lowest-cost producer of metallurgical-grade alumina and bauxite.
Location: Nalco Bhawan, P/1, Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 751013
- Standard ingots
- Sow ingots
- Wire rods
- Rolled products
- Chequered sheets
- Alloy ingots
- Cast strips
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3. Bharat Aluminium Company (BALCO)
Bharat Aluminium Company (BALCO) is another prime aluminium manufacturer in India. Their factories are fully equipped with in-line degassing and filtration systems to maintain optimum internal metal quality and cleanliness. BALCO uses modern equipment and technology to create primary aluminium ingots that are remelted to produce various end products for a comprehensive range of applications.
It is also the first in the Indian aluminium industry to create alloy rods for aluminium alloy conductors, essential for today's power transmission lines. It also delivers high-quality rolled goods in categories such as autos, insulations, bus bars, power projects, electrical, and packaging.
Location: Bharat Aluminium Company Limited (BALCO), Aluminium Sadan, Core - 6, Scope Office Complex, Lodi Road, New Delhi, Delhi - 110 003
- Wire rods
- Rolled products
- Primary foundry alloy
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4. Sacheta Metals
Sacheta Metals is a public limited company, which is one of the major aluminium manufacturers in India that manufactures and exports various household products. It is well-equipped with modern and sophisticated machinery. It produces utensils with customised designs, thickness, weight, and sizes, according to consumer requirements. These are leak-proof, light, long-lasting, and easy to clean and maintain. The products are assuredly hygienic and safe for cooking and storing as they are subject to high-quality control and tests. They conduct heat quickly and, therefore, save fuel and time.
Location: Sacheta Metal Ltd. Sakseria Industrial Estate, Chincholi, Behind Hanuman Temple S. V. Road, Malad (West), Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400064
- Aluminium utensils
- Aluminium sheets
- Coil circles
- PP (polypropylene) sheets
- Foils PP closer stock
- Non-stick utensils
- Stainless steel kitchenware
- Pressure cookers
5. Hind Aluminium Industries Limited (HAIL)
Hind Aluminium Industries Limited (HAIL) produces conductors for power transmission and distribution in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Silvassa. Being one of the major aluminium manufacturers in India, its products are used in the power, steel, and construction industries. It also makes wire rods and flipped coil rods of aluminium.
Location: B-1, Tulsi Vihar, Dr A.B Road, Worli Naka, Mumbai, Maharashtra - 400018
- Alloy wire rods
- EC wire rods
- Flipped wire rods
- Aluminium conductors
The above aluminium manufacturers in India have been consistently offering exceptional household items and industrial equipment to automobile, electrical, electronic, technological, engineering, and other sectors of the economy. Without these top manufacturers, aluminium would not become the widely available resource it currently is and would make several day-to-day facilities non-existent.
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Q. Is entering into the aluminium manufacturing business profitable?
Ans. Aluminium is a highly profitable product. However, it is always vulnerable to global price fluctuations. It has a very good profit density but also very high volatility. It is highly cost-intensive, therefore, such businesses need proper strategic planning. The availability and cost of raw material and labour, competition, cost of operations, and all other factors must be considered for this business. After considering all these factors, if you feel that it is possible to gain profit, go for it. Profit depends on the execution of plans as well.
Q. What must be done for an aluminium manufacturing company to be registered?
Ans. The business has to acquire permissions and licenses from the respective government authorities. They must submit necessary documents to the Registrar of Companies and make the PAN, TAN, GSTIN, Bank Account, Export/Import Code (IEC) and prepare for the Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Consent Letters, Affidavits, etc.
Q. What are the problems faced by the aluminium manufacturing business in India?
Ans. Aluminium has a high cost of production in India, as the prices of alumina and bauxite are on the upper end. There might be a delay in granting environmental clearances, forest clearances, land acquisitions, procedural issues from governmental authorities, absence of railway connectivity and transportation facilities to rural mineral-rich areas, etc. It also uses older technologies for production.
Q. Is there any substitute for aluminium, which can act as a threat?
Ans. Copper can replace aluminium in electrical applications. Magnesium, titanium, and steel are also potential substitutes for aluminium for structural and ground transportation uses. Glass, metal, plastic, and steel can also substitute aluminium.
Q. What are the uses of aluminium in the industry?
Ans. The uses of aluminium in the industry are:
- Power lines: Aluminium has only half the conductivity of copper, but because it is only 30% the weight, a bare aluminium wire with the same electrical resistance will only weigh half as much. Aluminium is considerably less expensive than copper, making it more appealing from a financial and economic standpoint.
- High-rise buildings: Aluminium is a valuable material that is at the heart of high-rise buildings and skyscrapers. This is due to its great malleability, high strength-to-weight ratio, and adaptability. It is also highly suitable for front-end and back-end energy reductions because of its durability, design flexibility, and contribution to energy savings.
- Window frames: Aluminium window frames are a highly durable and cost-effective solution for homes and offices. They are also lightweight and impact-resistant, which is beneficial in areas where high winds and powerful storms occur. These are cheap and require less maintenance than wood. They are also more resistant to scratching and cracking. However, one of the biggest drawbacks of adopting aluminium frames is that they are not as energy-efficient as wood and do not provide the same amount of insulation.
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